Heating Systems

Which heating system should I choose?

Over half of the energy consumption of households is used on heating, so when deciding which system to choose weighing all the options is important. All heating systems have their good and bad qualities. The lifestyle of people can affect the cost of heating, however with a small amount of work savings in heating bills can be achieved. Listed below are the general plusses and minuses of various heating systems.

District Heating

+  easy, effortless, and reliable, low running costs

–  availability, requirements of technical utility rooms, high investment costs

Geothermal Heating

+  low running costs, installation easy

–  high investment costs, building restrictions of the property, obtaining a permit, reliability, responsibility of maintenance lies with the user

Direct Electric Heating

+  low investment costs, easy, effortless and reliable

–  it requires a certain complementary system in the building permit and a specific compactness of the structure of the building

Pellets

+  inexpensive to use

–  investment cost slightly high, space for the silos for the pellets must be available outside or in the basement, requires work during the heating period

Air-to-water heat pump

+  investment costs lower than that of the geothermal pump, technology easy to accommodate

–  needs a secondary system to produce high-efficiency power

What are complimentary systems?

A simple option would be a fireplace. New complimentary systems are continuously being developed and, for example the use of renewable energy is an increasingly popular method to assist in heating single-family houses. When considering hybrid systems it is important to remember compatibility and usability. If the system is too complex it becomes impractical and confuses the user. The best outcome is achieved by using a system designed by a professional.

Using a fireplace

The maximum benefit of a fireplace is achieved by paying attention to the placement, not only from the point of view of décor but also heating. A heat storing fireplace stores the heat well. Fireplaces with air and water flow systems are also available on the market.

If a fireplace is not regularly used it is an impractical method of heating. A fireplace is best suited in a home where wood is easily acquired and can be stored. Modern day fireplaces also heat up with pellets and wood chips.

Heat Pump

A heat pump is rarely efficient enough to heat a household for the entire year. However, it is suitable to be used as a complementary heating system in electricity or oil heated households. The filters of a heat pump should be cleaned on a monthly basis, due to the pump raising dust off surfaces and collecting it from the air.

Should my house join the district heating network?

District heating is a good and profitable option if the district heating land line runs at most 12 meters from the boiler room of the house. The cost of joining the network costs 6000 – 6500 €. For more information on district heating in your area contact Tampereen Sähkölaitos (no English name on their web).

How do I know if my property allows for drilling a well for a geothermal pump?

To find out the permits required in your area contact the local Building Control Department. Geothermal pumps cannot be installed in the city centre area.

The “Energiakaivo”- guide complied by the Ministry of the Environment has information concerning the benefits of using geothermal pumps in single-family houses. The expense of installing the pipe is evaluated at 22000-50000€.

The regulations of the distance of various components and the house are seen in the following table. (ADD TABLE)